1880 - 1890
The Society of Chemical Industry (SCI), a learned society, is set up 'to further the application of chemistry and related sciences for the public benefit'.
The SPR (Society for Psychical Research), the first learned society of its kind, is founded in London
Chemist Albert Niemann, known as a pioneer in cocaine chemistry, repeats the reaction of sulfur dichloride and ethylene b regarding Mustard gas [which was developed as early as 1822 by M. Depretz] but this time blister forming properties were recorded.
Lewis Carroll becomes member of the occult Society for Psychical Research (SPR).
The SPR also helped creating the Fabian Society, which was closely tied to the Rothschild political machine.
Fabian leader, Dennis Healey, became Britain's Minister of Defense and joined the ''Bilderberger movement''.
Apostate and co-founder Henry Sidgwick furthermore joins the elite and secretive Apostles Club (by invitation only).
[Addendum: Since the 1850s, there was a "virtual explosion of extravagant paranormal claims" and interest in them,
in all strata of society throughout the Western world]